These are steps create a static block. Static block is use full in Magento which is called any where like home page, any cms page etc.
-> Log in your Magento admin.
-> Click to CMS > Static Blocks
-> Click 'Add New Block' in the top right side
-> Give Block Title such as 'Related Products'
-> Give an Identifier such as 'related_products'. Identifier is all lowercase and separated by underscores. This is also called block ID.
-> Select store view the block belongs to.
-> Select Status to Enabled
-> In the Content field we can add any text.
-> In last Click 'Save Block' or 'Save and Continue Edit' to save your block.